【Unlocking Word Meanings】
Read the following words/expressions found in today’s article.
1. shed light /ʃɛd laɪt/ (v.) – to make something understood
Example: The surveillance videos may shed light on why the plane crashed.
2. surveillance /sərˈveɪləns/ (n.) – the act of watching over a person or a place to prevent any criminal act
Example: The suspect is now under surveillance.
3. leak /lik/ (v.) – to make something, especially a secret, publicly known
Example: Confidential matters should not be leaked to the public.
4. acknowledgement /ækˈnɒlɪdʒmənt/ (n.) – the act of expressing thanks and appreciation
Example: The reporter received a lot of acknowledgement for his courageous coverage of the war.
5. whistleblower /ˈwɪsəlˌbloʊər/ (n.) – someone who exposes any illegal or dishonest activities in exchange of his/her safety
Example: The whistleblower helped speed up the investigation of the crime.
Read the text below.
Different newspaper companies and news agencies have recently received the Pulitzer Prize, the most prestigious award for journalism and news writing.
Pulitzer, administered by Columbia University in New York, is considered the highest honor in the field of journalism, literary, and musical composition. It was established in 1917 by journalist and publisher Joseph Pulitzer. The panel is composed of 19 members, who are responsible for giving the awards.
One of those that received the Pulitzer Prize was Reuters. It got the award for shedding light on the violent persecution of a Muslim in Myanmar.
This coverage nearly cost the lives of reporters as they encountered human traffickers for their escape. With this, Reuters hopes that the media will give more international attention to the risks and religious violence in Myanmar.
The Guardian US and the Washington Post also received the Pulitzer Prize for their coverage on the US National Security Agency’s (NSA) secret surveillance. Their coverage was based on the leaked documents by Edward Snowden, a whistleblower who used to work for the NSA and the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA).
Reporting on the controversial documents gave way to international debate about the US surveillance system. Guardian Editor-in-chief Alan Rusbridger gave credit and acknowledgement to Snowden for endangering his life in the name of public service.
Boston Globe also got an award for reporting on the Boston bombing in 2013. It came up with the freshest news, photography, and interviews in the wake of the bombing.
Enjoy a discussion with your tutor.
· How can this award uplift the media industry?
· In your opinion, what news agencies in your country deserve a Pulitzer Prize? Kindly discuss your answer.
· Would you risk your life in the name of your job? Why or why not?
· Why do you think other people are willing to risk their lives for their job?