【Unlocking Word Meanings】
Read the following words/expressions found in today’s article.
1. transplant /ˈtrænsˌplænt/ (n.) – the procedure of transferring a body part into another area of the body or another person’s body
Example: Harry underwent a heart transplant.
2. derogatory /dɪˈrɒg əˌtɔr i/ (adj.) – insulting or disrespecting
Example: Derogatory terms can hurt people’s feelings.
3. scalp /skælp/ (n.) – skin on the head where hair grows
Example: The damaged area of his scalp has no hair.
4. misconception /ˌmɪs kənˈsɛp ʃən/ (n.) – a wrong thought or belief
Example: The belief that eating before swimming can cause cramps is a common misconception.
5. beard /bɪərd/ (n.) – hair on a man’s chin and cheeks
Example: I’ll shave my beard this weekend.
Read the text below.
Getting a hair transplant continues to gain popularity in Pakistan.
Pakistan is a country where masculinity can be determined by the amount of hair a man has. According to Doctor Humayun Mohmand, derogatory remarks are commonly given to bald men. In 2000, Dr. Mohmand began to offer hair transplant services. This procedure is done by transferring a strip of hair-bearing scalp to the area with hair loss.
Back then, many Pakistanis feared that the surgery will cause diseases in the head and scalp area. But this misconception was proven to be untrue after Pakistan’s current Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif [NA-waz shah-rif] appeared to the public in 2007 with a full head of hair. Sharif was already balding during his last office term in 1999 so he underwent a hair transplant.
Doctor Fawad Aamir [ah-meer] claims that seeing Sharif restore his hair gave Pakistani men the confidence to undergo the same operation. Mohmand recalled that from 2001 to 2006, he conducted only around 1,000 hair transplant operations. But from 2007 to present, he has already treated 8,000 patients.
Pakistan has more than 100 hair transplant clinics in different regions. An operation can cost between $400 and $6,000. Most patients are men but some women also undergo the operation.
The operation can also involve facial hair treatment and beard growth, which is a common Islamic tradition among men. Growing a beard signifies devotion, which is why Muslim men are keen to have thick facial hair.
Enjoy a discussion with your tutor.
· How is balding viewed in your country?
· Do you have traditions or commonly accepted norms about hair in your country? Share it with your tutor.
· Do you think changing your body to uphold tradition is important? Explain your answer.
· In your opinion, should a person undergo surgery to alter his/her appearance? Why or why not?