【Unlocking Word Meanings】
Read the following words/expressions found in today’s article.
1. guideline / gaɪdˌlaɪn / (n.) – rules for doing something
Example: The doctors follow very specific guidelines for new medical procedures.
2. disregard / dɪs rɪˈgɑrd / (v.) – to not pay attention to
Example: The unusual disease disregarded its victims’ age and lifestyle.
3. condition / kənˈdɪʃ ən / (n.) – disease
Example: He was not allowed to exercise because of his medical condition.
4. savory / seɪ və ri / (adj.) – describes food that is not sweet
Example: I prefer savory dishes to dessert.
5. viable / ˈvaɪ ə bəl / (adj.) – describes something that is possible
Example: The doctor presented a viable alternative to surgery.
Read the text below.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reported that ninety percent of Americans have too much sodium in their daily diets.
According to the 2015-2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans, a person should only consume 2,300 milligrams of sodium or less. However, the sodium consumption of nine in ten Americans go beyond this. The overconsumption of sodium disregards typical categories such as age, gender, and ethnicity.
However, the extent of overconsumption varies among groups. People between the ages of 19 and 50 have the highest consumption of sodium in any age group. In addition, sodium overconsumption is widespread in 3 out of 4 people who are predisposed to the conditions it causes such as high blood pressure, cardiovascular disease, and stroke.
Around 75% of sodium in the diets of Americans comes from processed food. This includes bread and rolls, cheese, deli meats, meat-mixed dishes like tomato sauce, pizza, poultry, sandwiches, savory snacks, soups, and pasta dishes.
Since sodium is commonly found in the food available to Americans, there are only two viable ways of reducing it in their diet. One way is for individuals to make lifestyle changes such as shifting to eating more fruits and vegetables. The other way is for food manufacturers and producers to reduce the sodium added to the food they make.
High intake of sodium can lead to heart disease, cardiovascular disease, and stroke, which kill 800,000 Americans each year.
Enjoy a discussion with your tutor.
· Do you think it is easy for people to change what they eat? Why or why not?
· Would you change what you eat to improve your health? Why or why not?
· What are popular unhealthy food in your country?
· Why do you think people eat unhealthy food?