【Unlocking Word Meanings】
Read the following words/expressions found in today’s article.
1. hospitalization /ˌhɒs pɪ tl əˈzeɪ ʃən / (n.) – the act of being put in a hospital for medical care
Example: There were many hospitalizations in our city because of the flood.
2. long-term / ˈlɒŋ-ˌtɜrm, / (adj.) – for a long time
Example: His health declined because of his long-term smoking.
3. afflict / əˈflɪkt / (v.) – to have a disease
Example: He has been afflicted with asthma since he was a child.
4. dependent / dɪˈpɛn dənt / (adj.) – relying on others
Example: Children are very dependent on adults.
5. fund / fʌnd / (n.) – a supply of money for a specific purpose
Example: I have an emergency fund that I can use if I get sick.
Read the text below.
Hospitalization due to stroke is on rapid decline for the elderly in the United States.
Ischemic stroke is a disease that strikes when a clot blocks the arteries that transport blood and oxygen to the brain. Body parts controlled by portions of the brain affected by stroke can suffer from long-term paralysis. A person suffering from stroke can end up mute, immobile, and dependent on other people.
Although people continue to be afflicted with stroke, one study shows that the overall hospitalization rate attributed to stroke decreased in the United States by 18.4% from 2000 to 2010. Specifically, for those over 85 years of age, it decreased by 22.1%, while the decrease is 28.5% for those between 65 and 84 years of age.
While stroke incidents decreased among the elderly, the same cannot be said for those between the ages of 25 and 44, as this age group saw a 43.8% increase.
The researchers suggest that a possible factor for the decrease in stroke incidents in the elderly is prevention taken by older people against stroke, such as blood sugar control and high blood pressure reduction.
While these measures can also be taken by younger people to avoid stroke, the researchers also recommend that more funds aimed at educating people of all ages about stroke prevention should be allocated.
Enjoy a discussion with your tutor.
· Aside from the reasons in the article, why do you think there is a higher incident rate of stroke in younger people than the elderly?
· How are the elderly taken care of in your country?
· Do you believe that people in the world are generally getting healthier? Why do you say so?
· What are some healthy habits that can be done by both young and old people?