【Unlocking Word Meanings】
Read the following words/expressions found in today’s article.
1. skip / skɪp / (v.) – to avoid doing an activity, especially something done habitually
Example: The teacher reminded everyone to never skip classes.
2. fast / fæst / (v.) – to stop eating for a certain period of time
Example: He felt very hungry after fasting for five days.
3. metabolism / məˈtæb əˌlɪz əm / (n.) – a process in which the body breaks down food to create energy
Example: People with slow metabolism are likely to gain weight faster.
4. craving / ˈkreɪ vɪŋ / (n.) – a very strong feeling or desire for something
Example: She ate a lot of chocolates to satisfy her cravings.
5. generalize / ˈdʒɛn ər əˌlaɪz / (v.) – to apply a fact or theory to a large group of people
Example: The study’s results cannot be generalized to the public.
Read the text below.
Having dinner early, or even skipping it, may help people lose weight, a new study finds.
Researchers from the Louisiana /luˌi ziˈæn ə/ State University conducted the study by asking people to try early time-restricted feeding (eTRF). eTRF is a meal-timing strategy in which people eat all their meals in less than nine hours, and fast for at least 15 hours.
The researchers observed 11 overweight adults aged 20 to 45 for two different four-day periods. During the first period, the participants ate their meals between 8:00 a.m. and 2:00 p.m. For the second period, they ate between 8:00 a.m. and 8:00 p.m. During these two periods, all the participants ate food with the same amount of calories.
At the last day of each period, the participants underwent a series of tests that measured their calorie-burning and metabolism. The results revealed that eTRF did not affect the amount of calories that the participants burned. However, the researchers found that eating the last meal of the day before 2:00 p.m. reduced the participants’ hunger cravings and increased the fats they burned at night.
According to the spokesperson of Obesity Society who is not involved in the study, the findings suggest that meal schedule affects metabolism. He added, however, that additional research is needed to see whether eTRF can really battle obesity.
Meanwhile, some medical experts are skeptical about the study’s results. One critic pointed out that the study is not enough to determine whether eTRF can really help people lose weight. She adds that the study’s results cannot be generalized to all Americans because it had only a small number of participants.
Enjoy a discussion with your tutor.
· Would you recommend eTRF to overweight people? Why or why not?
· Would you be willing to try eTRF? Why or why not?
· In your opinion, what kind of diet is most effective in losing weight?
· What method of losing weight would you like researchers to look more into? Discuss.